Dried Flowers Over the Centuries and their Use Today
From Ancient Egypt to the rest of the world, the art of dried flowers is prevalent now more than ever
The process of preserving flowers dates to ancient Egyptian times – thanks to Arabian burial traditions. People placed wildflowers alongside Pre-historic dead bodies – paid as a tribute to loved ones. Many used specific flowers, and their hidden symbolism, according to evidence. Historians found the bodies in Egyptian tombstones from over 4,000 years ago. So, when did preserved flowers reach the rest of the world?
History of Dried Flowers
Dried flowers didn't reach the West until the 16th century. Many began to use them in fans and jewellery. People used them decoratively as an alternative to Medicinal Nosegays at the same time too. Women also applied them to gloves and, during the Elizabethan age, to clothes too. It wasn't until the Victorian era that the notion and concept of flowers, symbolism, and the 'language of flowers' really developed. It was then that people started taking an interest in giving and receiving flowers.
People used flowers heavily for medical purposes. Lavender, for instance, was, and still is, thought of as a healing plant – reducing various types of pain. It was common to also use Lavender at Churches, whereby the flooring would be covered with the plant as a form of protection from the devil. However, the Japanese used dries flowers in an art form in the 16th century by pressing and drying plants. The 18th century saw an increase in the artwork trade, bringing the tradition to Europe.
Today, preserved flowers are used for various events and occasions, from birthdays to anniversaries. Many brides opt for dried wedding flowers. They also make for a stylish centrepiece for any venue. We take pride in providing you with these eco-sustainable preserved flowers for every event and occasion - an ethical gift for loved ones or friends. Our wedding collection, available soon for purchase, will include bridal bouquets to help you celebrate your big day most elegantly. Roses and other flowers and plants are now enjoyed for longer, thanks to many preservation methods. That is why at Amaranté, we take pride in our Infinity Roses and give back to the environment. So, How are dried flowers farmed? Read on...
Naturally Dried Flowers
Throughout time, different methods of flower conservation took place. However, the oldest process is naturally air drying. This allows the flowers to maintain and hold their natural shape, form, and colour. Some opt for glycerine as the main component to help the flowers last for longer. The process also usually uses water in addition to the glycerine in a 2:1 ratio. This is to make sure that the flower is hydrated during the procedure. It is also essential to note that the water must be lukewarm and to allow better mixing. If autumn colours are shown, this method won’t work.
Ventilation Dried Flowers
Modern methods of preservation rely on hanging the flowers in a well-ventilated room. This depends on the type of flower. You would require twine, raffia or ribbons to tie the plants in small collections. Place the flowers are then placed upside down and away from sunlight. The drying period can range from one to various weeks, all depending on the material. Leaves of the dried flowers are picked off as they interfere with the drying technique.
Hot Air Dried Flowers
Marigolds, chrysanthemums, cornflowers and zinnias dry better when assisted with hot air. You shouldn't use rooms with no air circulation during this process. The optimal temperature for this method is 30-35°C. Then insert the flowers into cavities placed in a wire mesh rack, allowing the stems to dangle below. How long the process takes depends on the intensity of the flower.
You can also use silica gel as a method of drying flowers. You may find that it is an expensive practice. It has been used by many florists for years. It is sold under numerous trade names, including blue pigments that act as markers for moisture absorption. You then spread the gel on open pans, across layers half-inch thick, and dry the flowers by baking them in an oven at 250˚C. Finally, stir your preserved flowers continuously before placing them in a container that is sealed from air.
English chemist and physicist William Hyde Wollaston first invented the freezing technique in 1813. Wollaston introduced the idea to the Royal Society in London. However, it wasn't until the late 1980s that people became aware of the benefits of freeze-drying flowers and their contribution to the durability of plants. A process referred to as sublimation dry-freezes the flowers. The process usually takes at least 12 hours per 100,000. First, a vacuum pump pulls the moisture out of the flowers. You then transfer the liquid into vapour which turns into ice.
While turning fresh flowers into dried flowers has been available since Victorian times, people widely the method today. It involves the use of vacuum sealing and colour enrichment. Which pressing method to use to crate preserved flowers depends on the type of flower or plant.
We produce top quality Infinity Roses, available in fourteen classic and beaming colours that can last for as long as three years. We care about making sure our products maintain their impeccable shape and their natural scent. For every order made by our dedicated customers, we plant two trees as a way of saying 'thank you' to our planet. Our goal is to plant one million trees by 2025, and with your support, there is no doubt we will reach that and more.
We follow a careful scientific procedure to create our flowers. Using a distinctive scientific method, we preserve plants by removing the sap and replacing it with wax. We are keen to make sure that the wax we use is from natural sources to help the flowers sustain their look. This ensures that you can have an exciting experience with our flowers, from unboxing to placing them in your home or office.
What makes our eye-catching Flowers unique is that they don't require plenty of care. These preserved flowers are ready for you to enjoy - no watering, simply dust occasionally. Keep them away from direct sunlight or vents to keep them in excellent condition. For more information, refer to our care guide.